brasilia_01

Regionalism

Critical regionalism is an approach to architecture that strives to counter the lack of identity of the International Style (architecture), but also rejects the whimsical individualism and ornamentation of postmodern architecture. The phrase “critical regionalism” was first used by the architectural theorists Alexander Tzonis and Liane Lefaivre and, with a slightly different meaning, by the historian-theorist Kenneth Frampton.

Regionalism has dominated architecture in almost all countries at some time during the past two centuries and a half.

     Debates centring on Universal Design (UD) can contribute much to understandings of the relationship between architecture and the social basis of disability. I explore whether elements in the nature of design can help one to explain the scepticism about universal design. Deaf Space is an architectural paradigm that focuses on the creation of visuo-centric spaces through principles such as awareness of sensory reach, lighting, colour and acoustics.

     A series of social, political and economic changes that affect everything from the operation of nations to everyday life come under the globalization. Globalization is a new world order. We do not know its outcome or have a full picture of its nature as we are only in its earliest stages.

     I want to survey the architectural universalization and globalization, As I mentioned globalization and universalization comes after the chain of events, In villa savoye in 30th decade Le courbusier after different political and economic events. Villa savoye was a avant-garde in this definition and it was a new language which start a revolution in architecture. In an instance: Support of ground-level pilots, elevating the building from the earth and allowed an extended continuity of the garden beneath. Unlike his earlier town villas Corbusier was able to carefully design all four sides of the Villa Savoye in response to the view and the orientation of the sun.  The four columns in the entrance hall seemingly direct the visitor up the ramp. This ramp, that can be seen from almost everywhere in the house continues up to the first floor living area and salon before continuing externally from the first floor roof terrace up to the second floor solarium. All these elements give a new character to this project and separated it from the other projects and categorizes it as a new movement in globalization and universalization.

References:

1-    Correia, A. L., Silva, L. S., & Murtinho, V. (2012). Housing Prefabrication: Background for a conceptual development of the Architectural Project. Paper presented at the Congresso ITeCons Construcaoo, Coimbra.

2-    Curtis, William J R (2006). Le Corbusier -Ideas and Forms. London & New York: Phaidon Press. ISBN 0-7148-2790-8.

3-    Samuel, Flora (2007). Le Corbusier in Detail. Oxford, England: Architectural Press. ISBN 0-7506-0627-4.

4-    Frampton, K, (1983), “Towards a Critical Regionalism: Six points for an architecture of resistance”, in “Anti-Aesthetic. Essays on Postmodern Culture.” Seattle: Bay Press, ISBN 0-941920-01-1